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Bison

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The largest land mammal in North America! Bison are ungulates, meaning they have hooves.

Where I'm From

Once, great herds of this wonderful animal roamed from northern Mexico to Alaska.

Today, wild Bison herds are found in national parks and refuges in only six US states (Montana, Wyoming, Iowa, Nebraska, South Dakota and North Dakota) and one Canadian province (Northwest Territory).

What I Look Like

Bison are very large animals with a shaggy dark brown mane.

They have humped shoulders and short legs that are covered with hair.

Their coat is extremely thick in order to keep them warm in cooler temperatures and in the summer months they shed to keep cool. Their coat is so well insulated that snow can settle on its back without melting.

Short, black horns stick out from the bison's massive head, just above their eyes. These horns can grow to be 61 cm long. Both the males and the females grow horns.

These horns are used to defend themselves against predators.

Bison's eyesight is poor, but their hearing and sense of smell is very good.

In fact, a bison can smell an animal three kilometers away.

They also have a hump on their back just before their head. The bison's hump is a mass of muscles that support his or her heavy head.

They have hooves and can pivot on both their front and hind legs and quickly change or reverse direction, or jump.

They have a long tail with a furry end, called a tuft. The bison's tail can signal a warning. When the tail is standing straight up, the bison is ready to charge!

How I Act

Though sometimes called a buffalo, the American bison is not related to the water buffalo or the African buffalo, which are the only true buffaloes in the world.

The American bison is more closely related to cows and goats.

A large shoulder hump and thick winter coat are two things that distinguish a Bison from a buffalo.

The Bison is the largest type of cow in the world and largest mammal still in existence in North America.

Bison have no natural predators. Only the weak and sick are in danger from predators. Their horns, strong hooves, large size and speed (they can run 60 km/hr) are effective weapons of self-defence against wolf packs and even bears.

Bison wallow several times a day during the hot summer days. They stir up dirt and roll around in the dust. The dusty cloud of dirt probably deters insects and may keep their bodies cool.

Bison means ‘ox-like’ in Greek.

In winter, Bison use their head and hooves to find food beneath the snow.

How do I toilet train my cat

I rescued an adult female, desexed cat six months ago. Apparently she’s always been an outside cat. I have another cat who is mostly indoors and I would only let outside during the day if I was home. Luna didn’t like being indoors and wasn’t using the litter tray properly. I had her confined in the bathroom for a few days to get use to it and she would go next to it, rarely in it. She will sometimes use a tray otherwise will urinate or poop on the floor. I am at wits end. I have two trays, I’ve changed the type of litter, put dirt in the tray, picked up the poop and put it in the tray to show her that where it goes. I’ve used spray in the tray to attract her to want to use the tray. I bought felliway diffuser which is meant to calm cats and have also used the rescue remedy drops in her food. I’ve recently moved house where there is a cat enclosure so she can go in and out when ever she pleases but still goes in the kitchen (as I now close the bathroom door when she started going to the toilet in there), but tonight I noticed she’s been going in the spare room if anything is left on the floor which is carpeted. So I’ve now cleared that whole room to prevent her from going to the toilet. She is still going in the kitchen. I’ve tried cleaning the area and eliminating her scent by using water and vinegar then once dry use bi carb soda and hydrogen peroxide and it has made no difference. She’s been tested for a bladder infection which came up negative. I love animals. I have another cat which she now gets along with and two dogs which she is still getting use to. I don’t know what else to do and I don’t want to give her up but feel like I will have no choice.