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How To Train Your Puppy To Walk Up Stairs

Dog trainer Basil Theofanides shows off the different types of terrain that can cause problems for dogs, and how to overcome them

"Welcome guys and good morning this is going to be a fun session. We are going to take the puppies for a walk and we are going to actually expose them to a variety of situations. We’ve got a bridge and also through the slathered stairs. We take all these things for granted and the thing is the puppies don’t take these things for granted. They get really concerned; really scared so we will see how the puppies go with that."

"Okay guys, bridge time. Now the good thing about this bridge you can see through it so they’ve got this vision down there they might feel a bit unsure. We’ve also got exposure because when you come over to this section here we've got the water flow and we've also got the sound and bounce of the bridge. So all these things are great opportunities to get these puppies conditioned to this unfamiliar situation."

"All right so I think we might go chance first. Because he is deaf he needs to be shown exactly what you want him to do. That’s it you might need to use a bit of touching, look at that, look at the water going. So that’s all interesting well done Jude. Okay now Singey's next I think."

"I know he's strong just do your best to just take him over the edge for a moment. You can see he's a bit unsure there of the height. Don’t force him just relax the leash slightly, see how he’s observing. That’s it, well done and straight off to the other side."

Same thing with Timmy just take him over to the edge, let him have a little bit of a look. Now see he's unsure of the height just take him over to the edge. That’s it just relax the leash. That’s a good boy. They might feel a bit unsure of the height. Okay well done, how easy was that?"

"Okay guys here we go. Step time. Now we've got some slathered steps and this is a pretty complex situation for puppies because they can actually see through and you might think they are used to steps, I understand that but this certainly has a different complexity to it so we're going to use a lot of encouragement."

"Singey hasn’t done steps like this before has he? So I tell you what, I'll take him up first. Let's see how he responds and I’ll give you a chance to do it. So I’m going to go up first. No he’s going up. Good boy. Notice I’m not forcing him, he’s doing it all by himself and he’s learning by that experience and now that he's on there he's a happy puppy."

"Alright now we're coming down so I’m going to sit on the step like this and see if he will follow me down. Come on mate. Good boy, almost there. I think he's a champion. Now you saw what I had to do and really you shouldn’t feel uneasy about crouching down and doing those sorts of things because puppies do feel a lot more confident that way."

"I think we might go Chance next. Now because he's deaf you're going to have to show him the steps all the way. You go up Jude. Now we have to use treats a little bit with Chance because of his deafness. Good work. Now Jude you need to come back down. You come down first, bring the food down to the step so he sees where he has to walk. There he is, its a big step! Good and he gets a little reward."

"Well done, good work today. Just a couple of main points. Expose your puppies as much as possible to a variety of situations. Take advantage of the environment. If you see a pipe don’t avoid it, get your puppy to go through it. If you see something that puppy can just do a little jump over get the puppy to jump over. The idea is to get these puppies condition to as many different things that we take for granted every day. Alright, okay well done guys we will see you next time."

How do I toilet train my cat

I rescued an adult female, desexed cat six months ago. Apparently she’s always been an outside cat. I have another cat who is mostly indoors and I would only let outside during the day if I was home. Luna didn’t like being indoors and wasn’t using the litter tray properly. I had her confined in the bathroom for a few days to get use to it and she would go next to it, rarely in it. She will sometimes use a tray otherwise will urinate or poop on the floor. I am at wits end. I have two trays, I’ve changed the type of litter, put dirt in the tray, picked up the poop and put it in the tray to show her that where it goes. I’ve used spray in the tray to attract her to want to use the tray. I bought felliway diffuser which is meant to calm cats and have also used the rescue remedy drops in her food. I’ve recently moved house where there is a cat enclosure so she can go in and out when ever she pleases but still goes in the kitchen (as I now close the bathroom door when she started going to the toilet in there), but tonight I noticed she’s been going in the spare room if anything is left on the floor which is carpeted. So I’ve now cleared that whole room to prevent her from going to the toilet. She is still going in the kitchen. I’ve tried cleaning the area and eliminating her scent by using water and vinegar then once dry use bi carb soda and hydrogen peroxide and it has made no difference. She’s been tested for a bladder infection which came up negative. I love animals. I have another cat which she now gets along with and two dogs which she is still getting use to. I don’t know what else to do and I don’t want to give her up but feel like I will have no choice.