Cute as a button, the Pug is a showstopper with its prominent eyes, stocky body and wrinkled, expressive face. Affectionate, wilful and spirited this dog is a good fit for any fun-loving family.
If you are seeking an alert and lively dog that also loves a good snuggle, a Pug might be the right pooch for you.
Where I'm From
The Pug is one of the world's older dog breeds, originating in China over 2,400 years ago where they were the prized possessions of Chinese Emperors. These pampered Pugs lived in luxurious lodgings as beloved lapdogs. The first Pugs came to Europe in the late 1500s with traders from the Netherlands, and became popular pets for aristocrats.
Many notable people throughout history owned this loyal breed. Before Marie Antoinette married Louis XVI, she had a little Pug named Mobs. Queen Victoria not only owned many Pugs, she bred them as well. Also, when Josephine Bonaparte, later to be Napoleon Bonaparte's wife, was imprisoned, she was only allowed one visitor, her beloved Pug. She hid messages to Napoleon in her Pug's collar.
What I Look Like
Pugs have a stocky, short and small body, which is also quite sturdy. Big, bulging dark eyes sit on a flat wrinkly face and round head. Generally, their black muzzles have small teeth that meet in an adorable underbite. The wrinkles around their eyes give them an expression of concern. Pug's ears are velvety, dark, and folded down, and they have a tail that is double curled at the end.
Pugs have a short coat that is soft and smooth, and comes in shades of black, fawn/apricot and silver.
How I Act
Pugs are high-spirited dogs with tons of personality packed into a small package. Often referred to as “shadows", Pugs stick like glue to their owners' side and like to be where the action is. The breed does have a wilful streak but are generally not aggressive dogs. Although they are small, they have a stout frame, which makes them a great pet for families with small children. Pugs also get along well with other pets.
Since Pugs are considered a stubborn breed, they can be challenging to train. Luckily, they are eager to please so if owners are patient and consistent, they can usually train their dog to listen to their commands. Socialisation and training should begin young to ensure a well-behaved pet. It is extremely helpful to praise a Pug for a job well done because they thrive on attention. Pugs love their treats, and can be bent to anyone's will with a tasty reward.
Pugs often don't develop the muscle strength needed to control their bladder and bowels until they are 6 months old. When house training a Pug puppy, use lots of positive reinforcement such as praise and treats.
Walking a Pug around the neighbourhood each day or playing in the backyard will meet the dog's requirements for exercise. But care should be taken. Too much exercise can actually exacerbate the Pug's tendency to wheeze.
Looking After Me
Pugs though generally healthy can prone to a number of medical conditions. Their soft palates and pinched nostrils makes them susceptible to brachycephalic syndrome, which causes breathing problems especially in humid or hot weather or if they become overweight. In addition, Pugs can become overheated in the summer and need to be kept cool with air conditioning, shade and lots of cool, fresh water.
They may also suffer from Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE), the skin disorder Demodectic Mange, hip deformities, dental issues, eye injuries and dry eyes.
It is advisable to check the temperament and medical history of a puppy's parents and view veterinarian clearance certificates to ensure you get a healthy dog though not every ailment can be predicted. Be very wary of uncertified backyard breeders.
The lifespan of a Pug is 10-12 years on average.
It is important that a Pug has a high quality, healthy meal of dog food twice a day as per packaging instructions and maintains a healthy weight. Pugs love to eat and Pug owners need to show restraint when feeding their beloved companion because they are at risk for obesity. It is important you limit the amount of food you feed them, remove uneaten portions until the next feeding time and encourage your pet to exercise.
Pugs do not require fancy grooming or detangling. They also don't suffer from body odour or excessive drooling, making it unnecessary to shampoo the dog frequently. Grooming a Pug includes occasional baths, monthly nail trimming, and daily wiping of their facial wrinkles and ears. Pug skin is easily irritated and prone to dryness, so they should be bathed only when necessary.
Am I the pet for you?
Pugs are best for families or seniors and are great house pets. They get along with everybody, especially people who give them plenty of attention. Since they require little exercise, they are great in apartments or houses with small backyards.
- When Pugs are not taking a nap (a frequent occurrence with this breed), they are animated, charming, and waiting to eat or play. Pugs are perfect in homes where they will be treated as a member of the family and get loads of attention. In this environment, they will become extremely loyal, affectionate, and devoted to their owners.
- Since the Pug is small in size with a rather lazy nature, they do not need a lot of exercise to stay in shape and healthy. This makes them a great pet for living in an apartment or with the elderly.
- Pugs can be good watchdogs as they have a healthy bark but are not yappy.
- Pugs require constant company, so are not ideal for people who are not home much, unless they have a companion Pug to play with.
- Pugs have thick coats that shed year round and need constant cleaning up after.
- Due to a range of potential health issues, Pugs may require a lot of medical attention to maintain their health, so ensure you are prepared for both the expected and potential veterinary costs.
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I'm looking for a pet door for my Pug after trying to get him to use the common flip flap ones i've realised that he is not a huge fan and looked on line for a electronic door that opens I have been able to find one called a Power Pet but seems its only available in America does anyone know if we have something similar in Australia ??
I have an interesting pug case and wish for help, long story short the pug belonged to a school friends daughter who has recently died, pug needs an operation and it cannot be funded, severe ear canal occlusion due to allergies, we all feel this beautiful pug needs the op and cannot bear to put her down on account of our friends daughter, can anyone help
Hi Bondi Vet! I am trying to do as much research as possible about desexing pugs. Last year I lost my female pug puppy Pepper, she passed away at the vet whilst getting desexed. It was one of the hardest things I have had to go through. These little puppies rely on you and I really felt like I had let her down. The vet could not explain what went wrong but that little Pepper's heart stopped whilst she was in recovery. She also mentioned that she had been left alone. It broke my heart... I have since then gotten another pug puppy, a little boy named Oreo. I am so worried about getting him desexed, it makes me so anxious and worried. What are your thoughts on it? Do you believe that desexing him is the right thing to do? Is the operation a lot more complicated for dogs with flat faces? He is 7 months old so I understand I need to start thinking about it. Your advise would be much appreciated. Thanks Vanessa.
We have an old cat who has been spraying for years. We have had him desexed, he has 3 litters that are always cleaned ASAP. We are unable to open any doors in the house or leave anything on the ground because he will spray on it. We've even put up new fences with cameras to stop other cats entering our yard- our cat is indoor. I feel like we've tried everything including diet change!! Any tips appreciated