Boisterous. Fun. Fierce. Pomeranians are foxy little fluff balls with extremely large personalities that don't really match their diminutive size. At home in a ladies handbag or amongst the well-to-do set, Pomeranians also make excellent pets for apartments and inner-city dwellers.
If you are seeking a small dog that is big on personality with oodles of charm, a Pomeranian may be the perfect pup for you.
Where I'm From
Pomeranians are toy versions of the working Spitz breed of dog. Originating from Pomerania, which today forms part of Poland and Germany, the fox-faced miniature breed became popular in European high-class society and aristocracy. The breed subsequently made its way to the United Kingdom in the 1700s. There a particularly small Pomeranian became a favourite of Queen Victoria. She later bred smaller and smaller dogs, whose tiny size then became admired throughout the country and whose stature is still seen in Pomeranians today.
The breed was officially recognised in 1891 in the United Kingdom.
What I Look Like
Pomeranians are tiny, double-coated canines with pointy faces and upstanding ears. Their luxurious long fur makes them appear slightly larger than their diminutive frames. Pomeranians come in a range of shades including white, cream, orange, red, brown, black, black-and-tan, brindle, sable and blue (dark grey). With a curled tail and fluffy ruff, they have a slightly uppity and arrogant form.
How I Act
Pomeranians are energetic little pups, whose boisterousness belies their size. They are intelligent and very protective of their adoptive families. Lively pets, they make alert guard dogs and fun-filled companion dogs suitable for small apartments. Whilst small, Pomeranians are not lap dogs and will not sit on their master's knees for long stretches of time. It is advisable not to hold the dog too often as this could lead to antisocial behavior such as your dog believing it is pack leader and becoming overly protective of their master.
Pomeranians can be trained but need an authoritative leader to confidently guide them. Early training and socialisation are important to counter any control issues and put a stop to persistent barking. Any aggression towards bigger dogs needs to be dealt with firmly or could lead to your Pomeranian getting hurt not realising its own miniature size.
On the fun side, Pomeranians are excellent at learning tricks and will love bonding with their master when learning and practising these activities.
Pomeranians are small dogs. Though energetic, they do not need too much exercise to remain healthy and happy. A 20-30 minute walk per day along with inside play with some decent toys should suffice. A tired dog is a non-destructive one!
Looking After Me
Pomeranians are one of the hardiest toy dog breeds but still may suffer from a range of health ailments. These include loose kneecaps, heart complaints, skin disorders and eye problems. As small dogs that are in constant denial of their diminutive size, they may injure themselves jumping from high surfaces and this should be prevented where possible.
It is advisable to check the temperament and medical history of a puppy's parents and view veterinarian clearance certificates to ensure you get a healthy dog. Be very wary of uncertified backyard breeders.
Pomeranians have a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years.
They are small and do not require big meals to be satisfied. They require high-quality dog food twice a day according to packaging recommendations. A dog treat would be greatly appreciated by your Pom and is a useful tool when training.
Pomeranians are only medium level shedders. However, their luxurious double coat does need regular brushing and combing, at least a couple times a week. Additionally, regular trimming and clipping is required to keep your Pom looking their best.
Their thick coat also makes them prone to overheating. Therefore care must be taken on hot days by ensuring they have plenty of water and are kept cool inside.
Am I the pet for you?
Pomeranians are best for families with older children that have learned to play carefully with their dog. Pomeranians are also good for older owners, singles and those living in small apartments.
- Pomeranians can be good apartment dogs and suitable pets for active senior citizens.
- Pomeranians are good at learning tricks and love bonding with their master with smart play such as through dog sports.
- Pomeranians are adorable especially when only teeny, tiny puppies.
- Pomeranians are vocal barkers, which is terrific when they are on intruder alert but not so great when they are overly attentive to every small noise in the house. Good training is a must to prevent any neighbourly complaints.
- Pomeranians are not good for families with young children as the dogs can become irritable and snappy. Due to Pomeranians tiny size, rough playing children can easily cause injury.
- Pomeranians do not actually think they are small! In fact they believe they are rather large, or at least of equal size to their canine compatriots. This can lead to Poms becoming overly aggressive and defensive towards dogs three to four times their size. Training from an early age will help alleviate this issue.
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