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Newfoundland

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Calm. Loving. Kind. Newfoundlands are docile dogs that have huge bellies and extremely gentle natures. They are the perfect fit for families with energetic children that have active lifestyles and the ability accommodate a gentle giant.

Where I'm From

Newfoundlands come from the island of Newfoundland, which is situated off the east coast of Canada. Though their true origins remain unclear, Newfoundlands are believed to be a mix of native Canadian dogs, named St Johns water dogs, and Mastiff-type dogs left by foreign fisherman from the 1500s.

Once colonisation and settlement was established in the region from the 17th Century, Newfoundlands were employed to haul logs, pull in fishnets and help fisherman with their work. As good swimmers with webbed feet Newfoundlands also became renowned for their water life-saving abilities.

Newfoundlands were likely crossed with St. Bernards in the 1700s and named by an English explorer to the region in 1775. The dogs subsequently made their may to the United Kingdom and further afield. A Newfoundland was even believed to land in Australia on the Scarborough with the First Fleet in 1788.

Newfoundlands were recognised officially in late 1800s.

What I Look Like

Newfoundlands look like giant bears! With a large frame, big heads and thick, long fur they come in all black, brown and black-and-white (Landseer) varieties. Newfoundlands are huge dogs; males can weigh up to 70 kilograms, whilst females can be up to 55 kilogram. Despites their hefty weight, Newfoundlands are strong and athletic dogs.

How I Act

Newfoundlands are known for their very gentle and loving natures. Fantastic as loyal family pets, Newfoundlands are really great with kids, treating them with patience and care. Their high tolerance for children is only hampered by their size when they can accidentally knock a young one down. They are also good with other household pets.

Luckily Newfoundlands are intelligent and easy to train. It is important to start training and socialisation early, especially due to their large size. You would not want an out of control dog of this size. Newfoundlands need to be trained to obey commands, walk well on a leash and be careful around children.

Looking After Me

Newfoundlands can be affected by a number of health issues. Some of these conditions include Addison's disease, eye issues such as cataracts and cherry eye, heart problems, hip or elbow dysplasia and epilepsy. They can also develop arthritis if they do not get enough exercise.

It is advisable to check the medical history of a puppy's parents and view veterinarian clearance certificates to ensure you get a healthy dog. Be very wary of uncertified backyard breeders.

Newfoundlands have a lifespan of 10-12 years.

Newfoundlands stem from working dogs, both on land and on water. Therefore Newfoundlands need a moderate amount of exercise of at least 30 minutes per day to stay fit. As water dogs, they love to swim and play in water so taking them to the beach or a lake every so often is a great way for a Newfoundland to use their muscles and show off their aquatic skills.

They need special big breed dog food. They should be fed a nutritious meal three times per day with a rest straight after to reduce the incidence of bloat, a dangerous gastric disorder.

Newfoundlands have a long, thick double coat that is oily and water resistant. This coat easily picks up dirt and is also prone to immense shedding, especially during seasonal changes. They require a daily brush along with a bath every 6-8 weeks.

Newfoundlands are cold weather dogs that are uncomfortable in warmer climates. They will require fresh water and a cool resting area when the weather heats up.

Am I the pet for you?

How do I toilet train my cat

I rescued an adult female, desexed cat six months ago. Apparently she’s always been an outside cat. I have another cat who is mostly indoors and I would only let outside during the day if I was home. Luna didn’t like being indoors and wasn’t using the litter tray properly. I had her confined in the bathroom for a few days to get use to it and she would go next to it, rarely in it. She will sometimes use a tray otherwise will urinate or poop on the floor. I am at wits end. I have two trays, I’ve changed the type of litter, put dirt in the tray, picked up the poop and put it in the tray to show her that where it goes. I’ve used spray in the tray to attract her to want to use the tray. I bought felliway diffuser which is meant to calm cats and have also used the rescue remedy drops in her food. I’ve recently moved house where there is a cat enclosure so she can go in and out when ever she pleases but still goes in the kitchen (as I now close the bathroom door when she started going to the toilet in there), but tonight I noticed she’s been going in the spare room if anything is left on the floor which is carpeted. So I’ve now cleared that whole room to prevent her from going to the toilet. She is still going in the kitchen. I’ve tried cleaning the area and eliminating her scent by using water and vinegar then once dry use bi carb soda and hydrogen peroxide and it has made no difference. She’s been tested for a bladder infection which came up negative. I love animals. I have another cat which she now gets along with and two dogs which she is still getting use to. I don’t know what else to do and I don’t want to give her up but feel like I will have no choice.